UN Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT)
Governing Council: Somalia
Mission of the UN Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT):
Somali state security forces forcibly evicted about 21,000 displaced people in the capital, Mogadishu, in early March 2015, leaving them without water, food, or other assistance.
Source: Wardheer News, April 20, 2015
"Habitat's mandate was strengthened and its status elevated to a fully-fledged programme in the UN system, giving birth to UN-Habitat, the United Nations Human Settlements Programme.... It is through this structure and mandate that UN-Habitat contributes to the overall objective of the United Nations system to reduce poverty and to promote sustainable development. " (UN-HABITAT website
, "Our Mission")
"UN-HABITAT's Land and Tenure Section ... helps governments, local authorities and civil society partners around the world develop land management and tenure systems, policies and legislation that help achieve adequate shelter, security of tenure and equal access to economic resources for all, with a specific focus on gender equality. The main focus areas and mandate are: Implementation of land, housing and property rights, particularly women's secure tenure, affordable land management systems and pro-poor flexible types of tenure. " (UN-HABITAT website
, "Land, Tenure & Property Administration") Somalia's Term of office: 2017-2020 Somalia's Record on Sustainable Human Settlements:
"close to 3,000 households (or approximately 17,760 persons) received eviction notifications in Mogadishu from January to August. More than 14,000 persons, mainly IDPs, were forcefully evicted. Nearly 10 percent of those evicted were from the host community. In almost all cases, the individuals concerned were only notified orally of the eviction threat. IDPs and others evicted were forced to leave public land that was claimed by individuals. Such evictions continued during the year. For example, in the first week of September, the federal government evicted close to 4,760 persons without prior notice from a camp on public land... On April 14, IDPs were forcefully removed from private land...; four civilians were killed."
(U.S. State Department's Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2014, Somalia)